How to Feed Hummingbirds!
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Hummingbird feeding on flowers. Photo from Wikimedia Commons.

It’s hard not to love hummingbirds!
Tiny, brilliant and brave, they light up my day every time I see one! Here are some interesting facts about hummingbirds:

๐ŸŒบ They have the fastest metabolism of any animal on the planet, and they eat up to 3 times their body weight in insects and nectar every day!

๐ŸŒบ Their hearts beat about 500 times per minute, but when they’re in torpor, which occurs if it gets too cold for them to fly and find food, their heart rate drops to about 50 beats per minute.

๐ŸŒบ Their wings beat 720 to 5400 times per minute when hovering.

๐ŸŒบ They migrate alone rather than in flocks, and when migrating to the U.S. in spring, they fly nonstop for 500 miles across the Gulf of Mexico, about a 20-hour flight!

๐ŸŒบ Many species of hummingbirds use spider silk and lichen in their nest construction. This enables the nest to expand as the babies grow.

๐ŸŒบ In matters of life and death, the most humingbird deaths occur in the first year of life. For those that survive, the average life span is estimated at between 3 and 5 years.

๐ŸŒบย Threats to hummingbirds include cats and other predators, collisions with windows and buildings, habitat loss, pesticides and herbicides, and bad weather.

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Caliope Hummingbird momma feeding two chicks. Wolfgang Wander, Wikimedia Commons.

How can you help these little gems?
Feed them, and provide great habitat! Here’s how:

๐ŸŒบ Plant native plants that will attract the spiders and other insects hummingbirds need. Here’s a list of great plants for Ruby Throated Hummingbirds, the species found in the eastern United States. Don’t spray the plants with herbicides or insecticides.

๐ŸŒบ Feed them sugar water! Here’s how:You need 4 parts water to one part white sugar. The sugar can be organic, but do not honey, molasses or other syrups, because they may contain pathogens and have iron levels that can be harmful to hummingbirds. Food coloring is NOT needed and may be toxic to these little creatures.

1. Boil the water, and add the sugar and let it dissolve.

2. After the sugar water cools, put a small amount in the feeder, hang the feeder out and enjoy watching hummers!

3. Store extra sugar water in the fridge.

 

Tips for feeding hummingbirds:

 

feed hummingbirds, hummingbirds, sugar water, bird feeder

Photo by Dick Scholten. Use feeders that have small ports located above the nectar level to reduce contamination by insects.

๐ŸŒบ Choose a feeder that has a mechanism for keeping ants and larger insects out. Insects spoil the nectar. Of all the feeders I’ve tried, the HummZinger has worked best for keeping insects out.

๐ŸŒบ Use a small amount of nectar at a time to minimize waste.

๐ŸŒบ Clean the feeder out every 2 to 3 days with soap and water or vinegar during hot weather. Heat causes the nectar to spoil. Look for cloudy spots, insects and black spots in the water and on the inside of the feeder. If possible, place the feeder in the shade to preserve nectar and provide perches for hummies.

๐ŸŒบ Place feeders at least 4 feet above the ground to help keep the birds safe from predators.

๐ŸŒบ Put feeders up in early spring, and leave them up three weeks after you see the last hummingbird in the fall. Migrating hummies will stop at the feeder for fuel on their journey. Of course, if you live in an area that has hummingbirds all year, you can keep feeders out year round.

๐ŸŒบ Sugar water is a supplement, not a substitute. The most important food for hummingbirds is insects and nectar from flowering plants. See the plant list mentioned above as well as these tips from Audubon on how to create a complete habitat that provides food, shelter and nesting material!

๐ŸŒบ While you’re at it, make sure your windows are bird proof! Keep hummingbirds from fatal collisions with your windows using the techniques described in this post.

Enjoy feeding hummingbirds, and take heart in helping provide habitat for these amazing creatures!

If you enjoyed this post, here are some more you might be interested in:

How to Mow Better For Habitat!

How to Protect Birds from Window Collisions

How Dead Plants Provide Life for Birds, Pollinators and People!

Why Birds Need Fresh Water in Winter

How Leaves Help Your Yard and Wildlife!

Milkweed Species For Your Garden!

Check out this amazing BBC Video showing a hummingbird feeding on tree nectar!

 

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